Saffron (Crocus sativus L.) has been an important subject of interest for research teams in the past two decades because of its various biological properties. Chemical analysis has shown the presence of more than 150 components in saffron threads.
Saffron Threads in Medicine:
As a therapeutical plant, saffron threads are considered an excellent stomach ailment and an antispasmodic. It helps digestion and increases appetite. It is also relieves renal colic and reduces stomachaches and relieves tension.
Saffron is also considered that in small quantities it regulates women’s menstruation, and helps conception. It is a fact that even since antiquity, crocus was attributed to have aphrodisiac properties. Many writers along with Greek mythology sources associate crocus with fertility. Crocus in general is an excellent stimulant.
It is a fact that even since antiquity, crocus was attributed to have aphrodisiac properties. Many writers along with Greek mythology sources associate crocus with fertility. Crocus in general is an excellent stimulant.
Saffron Threads in Dying:
The basic ingredient of crocus is crocin, the source of its strong coloring property. In antiquity it was a very rare and expensive substance and the color it produced and signified a high status or royalty.
Romans used it to dye their hair and the “purple carpet” of saffron of Irish kings was such impressive examples.
Saffron Threads in Cooking:
As a spice it is used for coloring and flavor improving while giving a distinct aroma and a beautiful golden color.
To use saffron threads, either infuse a few threads in a cup of hot water and add the coloored liquid towards the end of cooking, or crumble the threads and add directly to the pot.Alternatively, dry roast, crumble and then steep the crumbled threads.
Unlike other spices, a good pinch will suffice to add flavor and color most dishes. Cook with red Greek saffron and indulge in its excellent flavor.